Have you been struggling with how to use Twitter effectively for your personal brand or business? If so, this post has everything covered for you, start to finish.
Twitter is the epitome of the KISS strategy—keep it simple, stupid.
Not that I’m labeling anyone “stupid,” but the social network does rather successfully force its users to do what most of the internet doesn’t: self-edit.
With only 280 characters (yes, including spaces), you don’t have much liberty to hash out long-verse prose.
I mean, sure, 280 characters is a leg up from its previous 140. And yes, now that Twitter has released a threaded tweets feature it’s easier to create a series of connected posts.
But it still calls for users to think which points are pertinent, ponder syntax, and condense it all in one tweet.
And with the social site boasting of 335 million monthly active users by Q2 2018, it would be remiss of your brand to pass over Twitter.
Don’t know how to use Twitter? Feel like you’ve been underutilizing it?
I’ve got you.
Whether you’re establishing your personal brand, promoting your company or organization, or just wanting to not look like a n00b tweeter, I believe you can benefit from incorporating the following best practices and be a step ahead of the average Twitter user.
I’m going to break it down into three levels: Basics, Intermediate, and Advanced.
Let’s get started.
How to Use Twitter Level 1: The Basics
Everyone’s gotta start somewhere, and this is where your journey in the Twitter-sphere begins:
Decode The Jargon
It’s absolutely insane how language quickly evolves, especially in the interwebs. RTs, hashtags, QRTs… These terms are not just part of millennial parlance. These are real things that you need to be aware of when you use the website:
Tweet – This is what they call your posts on Twitter. This word can be used as either a noun or a verb.
Feed – This is where you see a stream of tweets from the accounts you follow. It’s mostly chronological with a bit of Twitter adding in things that you might find interesting that have been tweeted at an earlier time.
Avatar – Another name for your “profile picture.” The ideal size for this is 1000px by 1000px.
Header image – The photo that shows up at the top of your profile. The ideal size for your header image is 1500px by 500px.
Follow – Basically, subscribing to someone’s tweets. When you follow someone, you will now see their tweets in your Feed. Unlike Facebook “friending” the other person does not need to approve or follow you back in return. This is one of the things that made Twitter so distinct in the beginning (before Facebook copied the feature).
At-mention – An ‘at-mention’ is performed by placing the ‘@’ symbol in front of a person’s username. This signifies that you are speaking to or quoting the person designated after the ‘@’ symbol. When you do this, the user who is being named receives a notification that they have been ‘mentioned’.
Retweet – The Retweet is a way of sharing another user’s (or your own) tweet into your stream. It’s the twitter version of quoting someone or resharing their post. This feature has gone through a few iterations since the social site started. Previously, to share someone else’s tweet, you need to type ‘RT’ then at-mention the user, like so:
But now that they’ve made it a standard feature, a tweet that is retweeted will just look like every other tweet in the Feed. The difference is that if you’re not following the person who originally tweet it, you will see which of the people you’re following retweeted it, which is why you’re seeing it in your feed.
Quote Tweet (a.k.a. retweet with comment) – From the old-fashioned way of using RTs, we now have QRTs. Instead of copying a tweet and then manually adding ‘RT’ before it, you can just use the Quote Tweet function, also available at the bottom of each tweet. This gives you a bit more room to add your own tweet in conjunction with the one you just quoted.
Notice how you can see my original tweet below Kyle’s amazing comment in response to my tweet. Like a Tweet within a tweet.
DM – Short for Direct Message, this feature allows you to start having private conversations with a user or a group of users (provided that they allow it in their account settings).
Like – Hitting the heart button under each tweet. You have a ‘Likes’ tab on your profile where you can see all the tweets you’ve liked before.
Hashtag – The pound/number sign (#) used to be a keyboard character on old Nokia brick phones used to capitalize letters. Fast forward to Twitter, the # sign became ‘hashtag’ and is now used as a way to group similar topics together and make it easier for users to follow them. More on how to use hashtags properly in the content section.
Now that you can decode Twitter-speak, here’s what you need to do next.
Say My Name
It’s no longer the 1990’s, where people used random strings of obscure words and numbers to create their online alias. Nowadays it’s best to just use your name.
Friends, family, fans, or potential clients will be looking for your name. Don’t make it hard for them to find you.
Sure, you could debate how useful a “brand name” can be, but if you’re a person on social media as a person then use your person name.
Don’t Be An Egghead
An accurate depiction of Twitter no0bs… and trolls.
While Twitter no longer gives brand new users a default “Egg” profile picture, the impression of a no-photo account is pretty much the same.
There is no better way to broadcast the fact that you are a n00b than to have a default profile picture. This is Twitter’s default image when the user hasn’t uploaded their own profile photo yet.
You wouldn’t want to be mistaken for an illegitimate business or a troll, right? So, please, go and get an image of yourself. Even if it’s just something that vaguely represents or resembles you, make it your profile picture.
Whip out your phone and take a good selfie. You can also use your logo if you like. It doesn’t have to be a professionally done photo. You’re not auditioning for a feature film here. You just need something there that represents you.
Bio the Way…
Optimizing your profile doesn’t stop at photos. Your Twitter bio is an important piece of making a first impression.
People will go read your bio. So make sure to fill it out with relevant information that:
- Tells people what you’re passionate about (ie. what you’ll likely be tweeting about when they follow you)
- Gives them a way to identify with you (ie. coffee lover, gamer, vegan… some interest that your audience could share with you)
- Includes a relevant hashtag or three (but no more than three–let’s not be obnoxious, okay?)
Humor works best on Twitter, so try to make your bio at least slightly entertaining. In fact, 78% of all Twitter users consider themselves to be the funniest person they know.
(I’m kidding, this is not true… but maybe not too far from the truth?)78% of all Twitter users consider themselves to be the funniest person they know. #FakeTwitterFactsClick To Tweet
Spam Is Only Good When It’s Food
I don’t care how much I love you if you are tweeting five times per minute and my entire Twitter stream is consumed by your tweets, no matter how inspiring or profound, I will likely unfollow you.
If you are bombarding someone’s news feed with your banter, it will only be a matter of time before they either tune you out or flat out remove you.
You have been warned.
Know which type of content to send out and the ideal time to tweet them, so you can keep your followers from dropping the ax on your profile.
Use a social media scheduling tool to save yourself time, and spread out your tweets if you prefer to write tweets in bulk.
Keep it Short(er) And Sweet(er)
Even though Twitter increased the limit to 280 characters, sometimes, it’s not enough especially when sharing links.
Yes, Twitter now automatically truncates URLs, but there are still a great number of benefits to your business if you decide to shorten your links using third-party apps. I talked about those here.
So what are these link-shortening services available online that you can use for free?
When you want to share a link to a website, blog, YouTube video, or the like, always use a link-shortening service like bit.ly, is.gd, or tiny.cc. That way, you will have more room to share what the link is about and you’ll look like you know what you’re doing.
There’s actually a lot you can do with short URLs, so take some time and learn to use them right.
No One Likes A Snob
When someone mentions you, respond. It’s that simple.
If you want to monologue, theater is the place for you; not Twitter. Social media is called “social” media because you need to socialize.Social media is called “social” media because you need to socialize.Click To Tweet
If all you plan on doing is broadcasting your message and not engaging with your audience, you should just do us a favor, stay off of Twitter.
Even if you rack up thousands of followers, they won’t convert to paying customers if they feel like there’s a robot running your Twitter account (wait… is there?!).
The only legit reason to not be replying to all your mentions is when you’ve joined the big leagues and you already have millions of followers and simply cannot keep up with all the mentions.
Follower count is just a number. As a budding brand on Twitter, engagement is key to winning.
If your customers tweet a complaint about your business, respond ASAP. And I mean go fast-and-furious all over that. Studies actually show that 42% of consumers who complain on social media expect a response within 60 minutes. So, chop chop!
Don’t Be The Party Pooper
Come on, don’t be that guy.
Spoiling the end of each episode of Game of Thrones right after they air does not make you a star journalist. Remember, your audience followed you because they want to stay updated with your business; not to have someone rain on their parade.
If you truly must do it (for some unfathomable reason), be considerate and add a
#SPOILERALERT tag at the beginning. Trust me, some people take their TV shows very seriously, and if you ruin the surprise it’s as if you’ve kicked their puppy or something.
There’s A Special Place In Hell For Plagiarists
This runs true anywhere on the internet, not just social media.
Whether it’s a blog post or a funny tweet or an inspirational quote, don’t copy and paste.
For one, the Retweet and the Quote Tweet buttons exist; use them.
Secondly, the original author may track you down and raise a huge ruckus over the plagiarized tweet.
And third, it’s just not cool, especially in the context of building a brand around your business. You wouldn’t want to lay the foundation of your online presence on a stolen tweet, right?
Avoid The Boring and The Banal
Your followers—who are probably your current and future customers—do not want to know when you’re using the restroom, tying your shoe, or taking out your garbage. Unless of course it’s got some sort of entertainment value.
A little personal touch on your tweets is great, as this will humanize your account more. But don’t go overboard.
Want to know the kind of content that they’ll engage with? Keep reading this guide.
The Grass Is Greener On The Other Side… When You Think It Is
Don’t get jealous because someone’s numbers are higher than yours. A large number of followers doesn’t necessarily mean anything.
There are various ways to measure your success via the social sphere, but follower count isn’t one of them.
You also need to look at, among others, engagement rate, and conversions (leads or actual sales). Metrics also vary depending on the kind of campaign you’re running.
As far as retweets go, if you’re not getting as many as you would like, just write better tweets!
Don’t let the green-eyed monster rear its ugly head. As my buddy Brian Fanzo says, you do you.
How to Use Twitter Level 2: Intermediate Level
Once you’ve got the basics down, it’s time for you to step up and begin to strategize a bit. This section is where we separate the casual Twitter users from the marketers.
You’re going to learn to step back and think through some strategy and tactical application for your brand or business to thrive.
Eyes On The Prize
In war, you can’t go in blindly. You need to know your mission and how you’re going to achieve it.
Same goes for marketing. Define your goals (your mission) and your objectives (how you’re going to achieve it).
To set goals and objectives, use the SMART framework—Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Relevant, and Timely.
You can achieve a wide variety of goals on Twitter, some of which include increasing brand awareness, driving more website traffic, generating leads, or even generating sales.
So, let’s say, you’re a startup owner.
It’s logical that you’d want to increase brand awareness in 6 months’ time, right? Get the word out about you, let people know who you are…
With that goal in mind, you can’t just say: I want to be as huge as Lady Gaga on Twitter!
While I applaud you for your ambition, you’re only being vaguely specific (be as huge as Lady Gaga). Other than that, you’re missing almost all of the five characteristics of a SMART goal.
Now, if we follow the SMART framework, you can then say: I will grow my Twitter following by 25 new followers per week.
It’s specific (25 new followers), measurable (follower count), attainable (you’re not aiming for millions immediately), relevant (more followers mean more people will hear about your biz), and timely (per week).
While it’s a far cry from Gaga’s 76 million followers, you’ve set a goal that your business will be able to realistically achieve.
And you also have successfully set your first metric to measure! Your follower count.
You should also look into increasing engagement rate, as well as how many of those followers went to your website (measure clicks with short URLs), purchased (track conversions in Google Analytics), or signed up to your email newsletter (also conversions in Google Analytics).
Who Are You Talking To?
In every marketing campaign, the key is knowing who your target audience is.
Think about it: You can’t post maternity articles if your target audience consists of 60-year-old males who are about to retire. Likewise, a marketing manager would be more interested in SEO strategies than Justin Timberlake’s newest tour date.
Well, maybe there’s a few marketing managers who are Justin Timberlake fans (like me), but I digress.
You get the point.
Know who you are talking to. Create a customer persona (if you haven’t yet), and really get in their heads.
Use Twitter’s Audience Insights and find out the demographic profile of your typical followers like buying style, gender, and interests.
As Kurt Vonnegut once said,
“Write to please just one person. If you open a window and make love to the world, so to speak, your story will get pneumonia.”
And no one likes pneumonia, trust me.
A Little Competition Doesn’t Hurt
There’s nothing wrong with finding out who your competitors are and how their social accounts are faring. There’s everything wrong if you start curling up into a ball of self-hate because XYZ company has 10 more followers than you. (You remember what we talked about in Section 1 about follower envy, right?)
Competitive analysis is, as this Entrepreneur article puts it,
“Identifying your competitors and evaluating their strategies to determine their strengths and weaknesses relative to those of your own product or service.”
That said, look at the following:
- Who they are, the services/products they offer, and what’s unique about them
- How often they post and how much their followers respond to them
- How do they promote their brand
- Do they have weaknesses like terrible customer service or atrocious grammar (I mean, you’re-your, amirite?)
During the process, it’s going to be so easy to have your biases show and create a narrative in your head that your competitor is probably gaming the system. That, or they have more money than you.
Set those biases aside and really look at what they are doing right.
But—and here’s a huge but—do not duplicate them. What works for them may not work for you. You can use them as inspiration, but it all boils down to strategies that will work for you and your target market.
Twitter Lists are Your Friend
For both monitoring your key audience members or keeping track of competitors, you need to be utilizing Twitter Lists.
Since I’ve already done a deep dive on Twitter Lists I won’t spend time on it here. Just read that article, and start using lists ASAP.
Tap Into Your Inner Automaton
It’s relatively easy to reply to a DM or a mention, but once your account blows up, you need to be able to scale.
Luckily, there are plenty of social media tools available that you can use, to make sure that you can handle the job once you start gaining followers.
I made a reference earlier in this article to my article on social media management tools. Take a look and pick which one would work for you best.
Create Compelling Content
You’ve got plenty of room to be creative and compelling even with 280 characters. Believe me, I constantly do it.
Just keep your target market in mind and post content that’s relevant to them. Here are a few ideas:
- Ride the latest trend in your industry and post something helpful to your audience (e.g. your opinions, how to adapt to an upcoming trend, etc.)
- Share your website blog posts (or blog posts from other publishers that you find valuable)
- Use videos, since 79% of consumers prefer this medium over text and 84% of them have made a purchase after watching a brand’s video
- Post creative images to catch your followers’ eyes
- Use GIFs when applicable, especially since 100 million GIFs are all the rage right now
- You can also start a Twitter chat by using a shared hashtag and discussing industry trends and news
- Try live streaming video as it’s a growing area within the social media sphere
- Supplement your status updates with ads so you can reach more people
A couple of things that can especially drive up engagement at this point in your Twitter life are polls and hashtags.
Take advantage of the Twitter Poll function so you can ask for product/customer service feedback or your followers’ opinions about your brand.
This gives them a platform to let you know what they think, and you, in turn, get to have a better grasp of how your followers behave. It’s a win-win!
Next, use hashtags properly. Before it became a cultural phenomenon, it was added at the end of a tweet to give conversational context. That has changed today.
This is the most misunderstood and misused communicative device in the Twitterverse (haha– another piece of Twitter terminology that I’ve subtly worked in).
A hashtag is like an at-mention but instead of indicating a person, it indicates a context for what the tweet is about. It lends the tweet to a greater conversation happening around that subject.
In the example above, the author (CatalystLeader) was quoting AndyStanley and they wanted to signify that it was a quote from the event
#CatWest (which is short for Catalyst West). This is the most common practice for hashtags, though it’s not limited to events.
A hashtag is simply a way of giving a context to what is being said.
Hashtags are often seen amongst Twitter’s Trending Topics (a list of the most tweeted words or phrases– just gave you another bonus term! Bam!).
Although today people use hashtags more whimsically, and sometimes carelessly, they’re still a pillar of strategic Twitter marketing.
How to Use Twitter Level 3: Advanced Level
Great! We’re almost to the end.
Last but definitely not the least—you need to monitor your campaigns and measure the results.
After all, what good is a strategic marketing plan if you can’t tell whether it’s working or not?
How’s Your Performance?
Plenty of things can go wrong if you don’t monitor the performance if your campaigns. I mean, people could be hating your posts right now and blocking you!
So to find out if you’re doing well, do the following:
- Monitor your keywords – Using social listening tools such as Agorapulse can help you track when people mention your brand without actually at-mentioning you.
- Track ad conversions – If you invested in ads, use Twitter Analytics Conversion Tracking so you can see if any of them reached your actual audience. Also, see if they went to your site, purchased, or downloaded a lead gen tool. You’re investing in ads, might as well lead them to somewhere that can generate you revenue!
- Find the right time for posting – Nailing down the right time for posting on Twitter is tricky. A huge part of this is location, especially if you cater to a global audience. Use the social media tools I wrote about so you can schedule when to post your tweets.
Keep a keen eye on these metrics so that you can identify trends and make adjustments to your strategy as needed.
Record The Results
Measuring your results would allow you to see if you’re going the right track or if you need to pivot immediately. But be sure you’re also recording them for long-term analysis.
Twitter analytics will be instrumental in doing this (so get in there if you haven’t already!), but you can also use Google Analytics especially if you’re using social media to drive traffic to your website.
Are your tweets aligned with what your users want? Under the Audience tab on Twitter Analytics, look at the Demographics, Interests, Mobile Footprint, and Consumer Behavior.
Say, your audience is interested in sports. If that aligns with your business, it’s simple: go tweet something about it.
Are they engaging with you? Like I said way up top of this guide, engagement is key especially for a budding Twitter brand.
Look at which of your posts get the most retweets, replies, or likes. Find the trend among those and replicate the successful ones. Then, evaluate your engagement rate over time.
Are you reaching your audience? On Twitter analytics, you can see this in the Home tab. Look at the growth in impressions, profile visits, and organic mentions.
Are your followers converting? Click on the Conversion tracking tab to see if your tweets are driving people to action. With the help of website tags, you can track click-throughs and other data to better pinpoint audience behavior. Use this in conjunction with your Google Analytics to determine if your CTAs need improving.
Play around with Twitter Analytics; you’ll find the numbers surprising at times, but always enlightening. The idea here is to go deep with the data and analyze how else you can improve your campaign.
Prepare for Crisis
Lastly, and I hope this won’t happen to you, but PR disasters do happen.
Remember when singer Susan Boyle tweeted a promo for her album by using the hashtag
How about when DiGiorno Pizza tried riding the
#WhyIStayed trend and failed miserably?
What I’m saying here is to also have a crisis communication plan in place, especially in the age of social media where screenshots immortalize mistakes and the backlash is swift.
You’ve Got This!
And there you have it! A crash course in this weird, enigmatic world that is the Twitterverse! Congratulations, you made it through!
Was this helpful in any way, or was it just a bunch of mumbo-jumbo? What are some other questions you have that I haven’t answered? You can leave a comment by clicking here.
[Featured image via Travel man, Shutterstock.]